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Types of Stone Finishes
 

Stone finish refers to the final surface applied to the face of stone during fabrication. The stone is available in a range smooth and textured finishes:

  • Abrasive Finish
    A flat non-reflective surface finish for marble.

  • Brushed Finish
    Obtained by brushing the stone with a coarse rotary-type wire brush.

  • Chat-sawn Finish
    A rough gangsaw finish produced by sawing with coarse chat.

  • Honed Finish
    Honed is a super fine smooth finish, though not as fine as a polished finish.

  • Machine Finish
    The generally recognized standard machine finish produced by the planners.

  • Nicked Bit Finish
    Obtained by planning the stone with a planner tool in which irregular nicks have been made in the cutting edge.

  • Plucked Finish
    Obtained by rough-planing the surface of stone, breaking or plucking out small particles to give rough textures.

  • Polished Finish
    The finest and smoothest finish available in stone characterized by a high luster (gloss) and strong reflection of incident light, generally only possible on hard, dense material.

  • Rubbed Finish
    Mechanically rubbed for smoother finish.

  • Sandblasted
    A matte-texture marble surface finishes with no gloss, accomplished by exposing the surface to a steady flow of sand under pressure.

  • Sand-sewn Finish
    The surface left as the stone comes from the gangsaw; moderately smooth, granular surface varying with the texture and grade of the stone.

  • Shot-sewn Finish
    A rough gangsaw finish produced by sawing with chilled steel shots.

  • Smooth Finish
    Description of the finish produced by planer machines plus the removal of objectionable tool marks. Also known as “smooth planer finish” and “smooth machine finish.”

  • Split stone Finish
    Obtained by sawing to accurate heights then breaking by machine to required bed widths. (Normal bed widths are 3½ inches [90 mm]).

  • Tooled Finish
    Customarily has four, six, or eight parallel, concave grooves to the inch.

  • Flamed
    The top surface of the slab is burnt off, giving an irregular textured finish.

  • Textured
    The top surfaces of sawn slabs are pneumatically tooled to produce a pitted or grooved surface.

  • Cleft
    With this traditional treatment the stone is riven along its line of cleavage to reveal the natural grain; this gives an undulating surface with great character.