Natural Stone Flooring, stone tiles, stone slabs, stone flooring

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Stone Flooring

Characteristics required for stone used in flooring include resistance to stress (concentrated & distributed loads) abrasion, shock, chemical agents. More than in any stone application, flooring is depended on the sub layer it rests on. The elasticity of the flooring must be compatible with the structural elements e.g. a concrete sub-base; it is additionally influenced by deflection on the structural elements due to applied loads, thermal insulation, sound proofing and waterproofing requirements especially where heating is installed beneath the flooring.

Tiles used for flooring can be pre-polished or to be polished in situ after laying cut-to-size or in standardized sizes cut to a pre-set architectural pattern of a specific design including motifs, inlays, inserts etc. The designer has to decide at an early stage on the spacing of the jointing, especially in exposed areas. He has to decide whether to use calibrated tiles implying a product submitted to specific mechanical finishing obtaining more precise dimensions; they are suitable to be fixed by thin mortar bed or adhesives.

Stylolites are perhaps the major inherent properties causing default in calcareous stones including some major marble varieties.

Types of Stone used for Flooring

Some popular stone flooring options are:

  • Sandstone
  • Limestone
  • Slate
  • Marble
  • Granite
  • Terra-Cotta
  • Terrazzo

Surface Finish:

Besides technical properties, the surface appearance of the tiles and the slabs is a decisive factor in selection.

Surface finishes are to extend uniformly to the edges of the modular tiles and may typically involve the use of patching, fillers or other similar products for natural holes, faults or cracks as part of the normal processing. The type of treatment and the nature of additional materials are to be pointed out by the supplier.

To ensure the finish required the following descriptions be to be specified. The F stands for Federation of European Producers of Abrasive Products and the number indicates the grain size of the abrasives to be used.

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